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Point of Impact

The fence surrounding the Memorial allows visitors and surviving family members to see the Pentagon and, indeed, the precise point of impact. If you position yourself along the fence line closest to the building, you will see a charred black stone in the base of the Pentagon that was pulled from the original building during excavation following the attack. The stone was reset into the foundation of the newly rebuilt structure and inscribed with September 11, 2001. American Airlines Flight 77 struck the Pentagon between the first and second floors, just six windows to the left of the three wooden exit doors in front of you. The precise point of impact can best be seen between the 1959 - 1961 Age Lines.

The GAp

As you continue further into the Memorial park, you will notice a large gap before the next benches begin, denoting the age separation between the young children lost and the next youngest adult, 22 year old Edmond Grafton Young, Jr.

BIrth Year Marker

Birth years, used to identify the Age Lines, are inlaid stainless steel numbers set flush with the horizontal surface of the perimeter benches.

Memorial Unit

Each Memorial Unit is a cantilevered bench, a glowing pool of light, and a permanent tribute, by name, to each victim, in one single element. Each Memorial Unit is composed of stainless steel and is inlaid with granite. The benches arch over a flowing pool of lighted water, which appear to "glow" at night. Every morning, at 9:37 AM (est), the flowing water is turned off in a moment of silence for the 184 lost.

As you stand in the park, your eyes are drawn to the orientation of the Memorial Units. Fifty-nine Memorial Units face one direction, 125 face the other, thus distinguishing victims on board American Airlines Flight 77 from those who were inside the Pentagon. When visiting a Memorial Unit dedicated to a victim who was in the Pentagon, the visitor will see their engraved name and the Pentagon in the same view. Conversely, one would see the engraved name of a victim on Flight 77 and the sky in the same view.

Zero Line

The age lines begin at the Zero Age Line, which demarcates the Pentagon Memorial Gateway area from the rest of the Memorial. The Zero Line, unlike the stainless steel age lines that permeate the whole site, is formed by a row of granite. Etched into the granite in the stainless steel is the date and time of the attack, "September 11, 2001 9:37 A.M."

Memorial Landscape

The Pentagon Memorial is landscaped to create an atmosphere of peace, while still evoking the senses through the use of light, sound, and color. The park's stabilized gravel surface allows visitors to hear their footsteps as they walk through the park.

Eighty-four Crape Myrtle trees (Lagerstroemia Natchez) are clustered in conjunction with the Memorial Units throughout the park. These trees, which can grow to heights of about 30 feet with a spread of 15-25 feet, are known for their white crinkled flowers that are born in summer and autumn. The leaves are dull green in color and change to orange, red, and yellow in autumn before they fall. The bark of the crape myrtle sheds throughout the year. The trees, not dedicated to any one victim, will provide a canopy of shade over the Memorial for years to come.

Ornamental grasses encircle the park and mark the boundaries of the Memorial.

Age Lines

The park is organized as a timeline of the victims' ages, spanning from Dana Falkenberg, 3 years old, to John D. Yamnicky, age 71. While each Memorial Unit locates itself on its respective Age Line, the units are then organized by birth date along the Age Line. The Age Lines traverse the park at an approximate 45 degree angle to the Pentagon, directing your eyes across the path of American Airlines Flight 77 as it flew into the building.

Children's Bench

A special feature within the Pentagon Memorial Gateway, this bench provides a gathering spot for tour groups and school children before they enter the Pentagon Memorial. The entrance to the "U" shaped bench lines up with the Age Line where Dana Falkenberg’s Memorial Unit is located. The back park of the "U" shaped bench lines up with the 1990 Age Line, which is the line where the Memorial Units for the three school children on the plane are located.

Locator Stone

One of the interpretive elements in the Memorial Gateway, this stone lists all those who died in the attack and the year they were born. This allows visitors to locate the corresponding age line where that person's Memorial Unit can be found.

Pentagon Memorial Unit

The benches throughout the Memorial are oriented in two directions to distinguish whether that victim was on Flight 77 or in the Pentagon at the time of the attacks. To understand the directions, read the engraved nameplate at the end of each bench. If you are reading the name plate while looking at the Pentagon, that individual was in the building at the time of the attack.

Memorial Gateway

This expansive entrance area, referred to as the Memorial Gateway, is meant to be a point of thought and remembrance before entering the Memorial itself.

Entry Stone (front)

Visitors to the park enter through the Pentagon Memorial Gateway, which includes various design and interpretive elements that add to the experience of visiting the park. When entering the park, visitors can read on the front of the stone the phrase that was engraved into a piece of limestone to commemorate the groundbreaking ceremony for the Pentagon Memorial on June 5, 2006.

Entry Stone (back)

When leaving the park visitors can learn about those who were involved with the creation of the Pentagon Memorial by viewing the back of the Entrance Stone.

Audio Tour

At visitors approach the park, they will see a sign, beneath the rules and regulations sign, alerting them to the Pentagon Memorial Audio Tour. Visitors can listen on their cell phones by dialing (202) 741 – 1004. This 24 minute audio tour leads visitors through the park while describing the history of the Pentagon, the events of September 11, and the symbolism of the Memorial design.

Age Wall

The western edge of the park is defined by the Age Wall – a wall that "grows" in height one inch per year relative to the age lines that organize the site at large. As visitors move deeper into the park, the wall gets higher. It grows from three inches above the perimeter bench at the 1998 Age Line, representing the year Dana Falkenberg (the youngest person) was born, to seventy-one inches above the bench at the 1930 Age Line, representing the year John Yamnicky (the oldest person) was born.

Flight 77 Final Approach

The Pentagon Memorial has been constructed and positioned in the direct flight path of American Airlines Flight 77 seconds before it penetrated the exterior wall of the Pentagon.

Flight 77 Memorial Unit

The benches throughout the Memorial are oriented in two directions to distinguish whether that victim was on Flight 77 or in the Pentagon at the time of the attacks. To understand the directions, read the engraved nameplate at the end of each bench.When you are reading the name plate, if you are facing the sky, with your back to the Pentagon, the person lost was on Flight 77.

Pentagon

The Pentagon is the national headquarters of the Department of Defense and has long been the most recognized symbol of strength, power, and freedom in the world. It presently houses approximately 26,000 military and civilian employees and about 3,000 non-defense support personnel dedicated to protecting our national interests.

The Pentagon was created in 16 short months during World War II. Completed in 1943, the Pentagon contains 17.5 miles of corridors and is still the largest low-rise office building in the world. The base of the Pentagon sits on 34 acres of land, including the five acre center courtyard. Each wedge of the Pentagon is large enough to contain the entire U.S. Capitol Building.

An early plan for the building, at the original proposed site, called for a square structure with one corner cut off to accommodate an existing road. This resulted in a skewed pentagon shape. The Pentagon is a five–sided, five–story building containing five concentric rings of offices.

To reach the Pentagon Memorial via the public Metrorail system, take either the yellow or blue line to the Pentagon stop. Exit the Metro, and take the escalator up to follow the signs to the Pentagon Memorial.

For a Metrorail map and more information, visit the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority web site.

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Arlington County Bike Path

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Water Fountain

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The Pentagon Memorial was designed to be handicap accessible. Hard path surfaces cut through the park parallel to the age lines in six locations, culminating in wheelchair nooks in the perimeter bench. The restroom facilities located outside of the Memorial Gateway are handicap accessible. The restrooms are open daily from 7:00 am – 10:00 pm.

There are five parking spaces available in Lane 1 of the Pentagon South Parking lot for those with disabilities. The parking is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. All vehicles using this parking must display a valid disabled parking permit issued by the state or other jurisdiction in which the vehicle is registered.

Click here to view a printable version of this map.

The Pentagon Memorial was designed to be handicap accessible. Hard path surfaces cut through the park parallel to the age lines in six locations, culminating in wheelchair nooks in the perimeter bench. The restroom facilities located outside of the Memorial Gateway are handicap accessible. The restrooms are open daily from 7:00 am – 10:00 pm.

There are five parking spaces available in Lane 1 of the Pentagon South Parking lot for those with disabilities. The parking is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. All vehicles using this parking must display a valid disabled parking permit issued by the state or other jurisdiction in which the vehicle is registered.

Click here to view a printable version of this map.

Open daily from 7:00am – 10:00pm.
The restrooms are located near the entrance of the park and are handicap accessible.

Click here to view a printable version of this map.

Open daily from 7:00am – 10:00pm.
The restrooms are located near the entrance of the park and are handicap accessible.

Click here to view a printable version of this map.

The Pentagon Memorial was designed to be handicap accessible. Hard path surfaces cut through the park parallel to the age lines in six locations, culminating in wheelchair nooks in the perimeter bench. The restroom facilities located outside of the Memorial Gateway are handicap accessible. The restrooms are open daily from 7:00 am – 10:00 pm.

There are five parking spaces available in Lane 1 of the Pentagon South Parking lot for those with disabilities. The parking is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. All vehicles using this parking must display a valid disabled parking permit issued by the state or other jurisdiction in which the vehicle is registered.

Click here to view a printable version of this map.

Public parking is not available at the Pentagon. Visitors may opt to park at the Pentagon City Mall. No shuttle service is provided to or from the Pentagon. The Pentagon is less than a five-minute walk from the mall and can be reached through a pedestrian tunnel. Once through the tunnel, look for signs to the Metro entrance.

Parking on the Pentagon Reservation is for authorized personnel only. However, parking is available to Pentagon Memorial visitors at the Hayes Street Parking Lot on weekdays from 5:00 pm – 7:00 am, and all day (until 7:00 am the following business day) on Saturday, Sunday and holidays. From South Rotary Road, turn right at Army Navy Drive. Go through the intersection of Army Navy Drive and Hayes Street. The Hayes Street Parking Lot will be on your right. There is a pedestrian tunnel under I-395 that leads to the Pentagon from the Hayes Street Lot. After exiting the tunnel, follow signs to the Memorial Gateway. You may also park in the parking lot for the Pentagon City mall, which is directly across the street from the Hayes Street Lot.

Parking for People with Disabilities: The Pentagon Memorial is accessible to those with disabilities. There are five parking spaces available in Lane 1 of the Pentagon South Parking lot for those with disabilities. This parking is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. All vehicles using this parking must display a valid disabled parking permit issued by the state or other jurisdiction in which the vehicle is registered

Click here to view a printable version of this map.